Reading comprehension is the ability to read words and interpret them by giving meaning to what has been read. When students are beginning to read, the emphasis is placed on the sounding out or sight recognition of letters and words. The emphasis on understanding is extremely important. It should be encouraged from the beginning when a student learns to read.
Fiction is easier than non-fiction to comprehend. Most students get the idea of the plot of a story and can do interpretations easily. The reading of non-fiction – that is textbooks, handouts, information online- is more difficult. It is important for students to read a portion at a time to understand the factual information. A good guideline is to stop after each paragraph and make sure the interpretation of information is done to put it into memory.
Vocabulary building is vital to encourage students to become excellent readers. Every student should have a vocabulary building program. If the school does not provide one, then the parents should. There are many online resources for books and other technology for learning vocabulary.
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